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Election Integrity News Blog


Two Michigan Reps Demand FBI and AG Action on Muskegon Registration Fraud Case

By Michigan Fair Elections | February 13, 2024

On January 24, State Representatives Rachelle Smit and Jay DeBoyer (R) submitted letters to Christopher Wray, director of the FBI and Dana Nessel, Michigan's attorney general to discuss the FBI's ongoing case of GBI Strategies' alleged election fraud in the November 2020 election in Muskegon, Michigan.

This is not just a case of potential identity theft. It is also a case of criminal conspiracy to commit election fraud.

David Howell, MFE's lead investigator on the Muskegon GBI Strategies case, applauded the two state representatives for their actions in calling the FBI to account. (See David's previous article Hear No Evil, See No Evil.)


"This is the first positive development in this case since October 2020!!" Howell wrote to Michigan Fair Elections. "Now, the question becomes: What about all of the state actors who need to be held accountable?" he asked.


First, Howell cited the Michigan State Police's (MSP) failure to carry the investigation forward and alert/inform law enforcement, clerks, and prosecutors to be on the lookout for suspicious voter registrations in the other Michigan cities where GBI Strategies was known operate. These locations include Inkster, Southfield, Flint, Lansing, Ypsilanti, Benton Harbor, and Auburn Hills among others with Empower Michigan.


"Hence, we have no information regarding the number of voter registrations that were submitted by GBI Strategies and Empower Michigan to the clerks, how many were fraudulent, and how many in total were added to the state's voter rolls," Howell said.

Michigan's official voter rolls are called the Qualified Voter File (QVF).


Howell went on to cite Attorney General Dana Nessel for failing to issue any subpoenas, indictments, or to convene Grand Jury proceedings versus the suspected individuals and their two sponsoring organizations, GBIS and EM, despite their implication in this widespread voter fraud case.


"Both the Michigan State Police and A.G. Nessel," Howell said, "failed to explain their rationale for omitting any consideration of voter or election fraud."


Howell used the phrase, voter fraud because every fraudulent voter registration that may have been added to the QVF was immediately followed by an Absent Voter Ballot Application…and a cast--allegedly fraudulent--vote. Police documents referred to the investigation as into "voter fraud."


Third, Howell pointed out that the Secretary of State and the Bureau of Elections, "based on all of the digital and electronic data seized by the MSP at the GBIS offices in Muskegon Heights and Southfield--should have called for and conducted a comprehensive forensic audit" of all voter registrations or re-registrations submitted by GBIS and EM to any clerk's office in the State of Michigan and added to the QVF from August 1 to November 3, 2020.


"GBI Strategies (and probably Empower Michigan as well)," Howell said, "downloaded a copy of every Voter Registration & Absent Voter Ballot Application that they submitted for their own records, so the information should be readily available from the digital and electronic evidence seized at their Muskegon Heights and Southfield offices."


This also highlights the significance of the MSP’s failure to investigate, search, and gather evidence at any of the other known GBIS or EM offices in Michigan.

Howell added, "This could be considered a dereliction of duty and malfeasance of the highest order by the MSP and Attorney General."

Howell said Michigan election law requires cities and townships to retain selected election-related documents for specific periods of time before they can be permanently deleted or destroyed. However, these retention requirements tend to vary considerably from one type of document to another, making transparency and tracing more difficult.

For instance, original Voter Registration Master Cards with the voter’s signature are retained for five years after the voter’s name is removed from the QVF, but the initial Voter Registration Application, which is the original source document, can be destroyed as soon as the Voter Registration Master Card is filled out.

Another example is that while Absentee Voter Ballot Applications must be held for six years following an election, Absentee Ballot Envelopes, Absentee Voter Lists, and QVF Precinct Lists which would be useful in a voter fraud investigation can all be destroyed just two years after an election. All ballots that list federal offices for election must be preserved at least 22 months post-election, but ballots solely for state and local offices can be destroyed just thirty days after a canvass of the election has been completed.

Howell explained that as a result, while some critical pieces of evidence in this case still remain to be preserved and collected, others that should have been collected via the City Clerks of Southfield, Inkster, Ypsilanti, Flint, Lansing, Benton Harbor, and Auburn Hills (to name a few) may have already been destroyed after November 2022 due to the deliberate failure of the Attorney General, Secretary of State, and Michigan State Police to expand the scope of their voter fraud investigation in the final days leading up to the November 3, 2020 Presidential Election.

Representatives Smit and DeBoyer:

This investigation has continued without resolution for over three years, and we're now headed into another Presidential election. The People of Michigan, like millions of Americans watching what happens in Michigan want - and deserve - answers.


David Howell, retired Army National Guard Physician Assistant and former State Surgeon; four combat tours in Desert Storm, Iraq (2), and Afghanistan; awarded Legion of Merit, Bronze Star Medal (2), and Army Meritorious Service Medal (3). Howell currently serves as a volunteer docent at the Michigan History Museum and takes care of rescued horses with his wife on a small farm west of Lansing.


News @ Noon: MFE Coalition Task Force Meetings

Join us Thursday, February 15th at 12 PM for

MFE's Coalition Task Force Meeting

Registration is required to attend the meeting.

After registering, you will receive an email with details on to join the meeting.

Register below:

Please note: No representatives of the media are allowed in our meetings.


Please donate to Michigan Fair Elections 

MFE is a fiercely independent, tax-exempt 501(c)3 charity. We rely on voluntary contributions to fund our important, and sometimes costly, work. Legal claims are sometimes essential to improve the government and protect citizen rights, and they can be expensive.

Please support MFE's investigative research, honest journalism, and litigative actions to defend We the People's inalienable rights as protected in the U.S. Constitution. Donate today to assist our educational efforts to protect the principles of individual liberty in America.


WANTED: Poll Challengers and Election Inspectors

Pure Integrity Michigan Elections (PIME) is renewing its participation in the statewide Election Protection Team to make sure cities and towns across the Mitten State have an equal partisan balance of election inspectors and poll challengers, as the law requires.

If you are interested in becoming an election inspector or poll challenger, fill out the form at: Once you sign up, you will be emailed a list of poll challenger trainings.

All poll challengers must attend at least one training to be placed at a location in 2024.  To register, click on one of the Training Schedule links below. If you cannot attend one of these training sessions, more will be scheduled for February.

Virtual (Zoom) Training Schedule

  • Wednesday, February 14th at 7:00 PM (RSVP here)

  • Thursday, February 15th at 11:00 AM (RSVP here)

  • Monday, February 19th at 1:00 PM (RSVP here

  • Wednesday, February 21 at 7:00 PM (RSVP here

  • Monday, February 26 at 1:00 PM (RSVP here)


Mark your calendars to attend Election Integrity Network's outstanding national working groups. Consider also serving as liaison to report to MFE's Task Force Coalition on our Thursday meetings.  

  • Citizen Research Project | Ned Jones, EIN

  • Every Tuesday at 6 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Election Technology | Jim Womack, NCEIT

  • Every 2nd and 4th Thursday at 4 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Introduction to Election Integrity Infrastructure | Kerri Toloczko and Ned Jones, EIN

  • Every 2nd and 4th Thursday at 7 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Vote By Mail / USPS | Ned Jones, EIN

  • Every 1st and 3rd Tuesday at 4 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Legislative Development | Kathleen Harms, TN

  • Every Wednesday at 2 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Voter Roll Maintenance | Willard Helander, EIN

  • Every Wednesday at 4 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Vulnerable Voters | Kerri Toloczko, EIN

  • Every 2nd and 4th Tuesday at 4 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Every 1st Thursday at 7 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Election Audits | Mike Raisch

  • Every 1st and 3rd Thursday at 4 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Building Local Task Forces | Joshua Taylor

  • Every 2nd and 4th Thursday at 7 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE

  • Media Training | Kerri Toloczko

  • Every 1st Thursday at 7 p.m. (ET)

  • Register HERE


The views and opinions expressed in this commentary are those of the author and do not reflect the official position of the Michigan Fair Elections. Artificial intelligence may have been used in the creation of this message or in the links referenced herein.

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